Which endocrine gland secretes steroid hormones in response to stress

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The anterior pituitary gland produces seven important hormones: human growth hormone (hGH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH). Each of these hormones targets specific receptors in the body to stimulate specific glands and tissues in the body. The thyroid gland, ovaries, testes, mammary glands, and the cortex of the adrenal glands are all stimulated by the hormones of the anterior pituitary, resulting in the pituitary gland being known as the “master gland” for its control of the endocrine system. More modern studies now show that, while still important, the anterior pituitary is subservient to the control of the hormones of the hypothalamus. Releasing hormones from the hypothalamus, such as thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and gonadotropic-releasing hormone (GnRH), stimulate the anterior pituitary to release TSH, FSH, and LH. Inhibiting hormones, such as growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH), prevent the secretion of hormones hGH and TSH.

2. Hormones that enter target cells and bind to receptors in the nucleus are called
steroid hormones.
water soluble hormones.
peptide hormones.
second messengers.
3. The hormones regulating blood calcium levels are
insulin and glucagon.
glycogen and parathyroid hormone.
parathyroid hormone and calcitonin.
estrogen and progesterone.
4. All of the following are hormones of the anterior pituitary EXCEPT
human growth hormone (GH).
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
parathyroid hormone(PTH).
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
5. Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin are stored and released by the
posterior pituitary gland.
anterior pituitary gland.
thyroid gland.
adrenal gland.
6. Calcitonin is a hormone of the
adrenal cortex.
thyroid gland.
pituitary gland.
thymus gland.
7. Mineralcorticoids
are produced in the adrenal cortex.
are steroid hormones.
help regulate the homeostasis of sodium and potasium.
all of the above.
8. Which of the following hormones are responsible for the "fight-or-flight" response?
epinephrine and norepinephrine.
insulin and glucagon.
esrtogen and progesterone.
thyroxin and melatonin.
9. The gland which can be classified as an endocrine and an exocrine gland is the
thyroid.
thymus.
pancreas.
pituitary.
10. Glucagon
accelerates the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
slows down glucose formation from lactic acid.
decreases the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
speeds up protein synthesis within cells.
Score =
Correct answers:
 

Endocrine gland: A gland that secretes a substance (a hormone) into the bloodstream. The endocrine glands are "glands of internal secretion." They include the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroid glands, heart (which makes atrial-natriuretic peptide), the stomach and intestines, islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, the adrenal glands, the kidney (which makes renin, erythropoietin , and calcitriol), fat cells (which make leptin). the testes, the ovarian follicle ( estrogens ) and the corpus luteum in the ovary).

The endocrine system is regulated by feedback in much the same way that a thermostat regulates the temperature in a room. For the hormones that are regulated by the pituitary gland , a signal is sent from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland in the form of a "releasing hormone," which stimulates the pituitary to secrete a "stimulating hormone" into the circulation. The stimulating hormone then signals the target gland to secrete its hormone. As the level of this hormone rises in the circulation, the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland shut down secretion of the releasing hormone and the stimulating hormone, which in turn slows the secretion by the target gland. This system results in stable blood concentrations of the hormones that are regulated by the pituitary gland.

Which endocrine gland secretes steroid hormones in response to stress

which endocrine gland secretes steroid hormones in response to stress

Endocrine gland: A gland that secretes a substance (a hormone) into the bloodstream. The endocrine glands are "glands of internal secretion." They include the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid, parathyroid glands, heart (which makes atrial-natriuretic peptide), the stomach and intestines, islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, the adrenal glands, the kidney (which makes renin, erythropoietin , and calcitriol), fat cells (which make leptin). the testes, the ovarian follicle ( estrogens ) and the corpus luteum in the ovary).

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