An exhaustive literature search was performed using: MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PubMed. A total of 12 articles were chosen to be included in the rhinoplasty systematic review. Cohen's kappa for level of agreement between the two reviewers was . Data recorded from each of the studies included: author, year, sample size, age, follow-up, statistical analyses, eyelid/edema assessment, significant findings, p values, and steroid regimens. A general review of the current rhytidectomy and body contouring literature associated with corticosteroids was performed as well.
Immediately after the injection, you may feel that your pain may be gone or quite less. This is due to the local anesthetic injected. This will last for a few hours. Your pain may return and you may have a sore back or neck for a day or two. This is due to the mechanical process of needle insertion as well as initial irritation form the steroid itself. You should start noticing pain relief starting the 3rd to 5th day. You should have a ride home. We advise patients to take it easy for the day of the procedure. You may want to apply ice to the affected area. After the first day, you can perform activity as tolerated. Unless there are complications, you should be able to return to your work the next day. The most common thing you may feel is soreness in the neck or back. The immediate effect is usually from the local anesthetic injected. This wears off in a few hours. The medication starts working in about 5 to 7 days and its effect can last for several days to many months. This procedure is safe when performed in a controlled setting (surgical center, sterile equipment, and the use of x-ray.) However, with any procedure there are risks, side effects, and possibility of complications. The most common side effect is discomfort – which is temporary. The other risks involve, infection, bleeding, worsening of symptoms. As with other types of injections, you should not have the procedure if you are currently taking blood-thinning medicine (Coumadin.) Side effects related to cortisone include: fluid retention, weight gain, increased blood sugar (mainly in diabetics,) elevated blood pressure, mood swings, irritability, insomnia, and suppression of body’s own natural production of cortisone. Fortunately, the serious side effects and complications are uncommon. You should discuss any specific concerns with your physician.