Thirty cases were included, 8 cases of polyneuropathy, 15 cases of myopathy and 7 cases of mixed neuropathy and myopathy. Absent deep tendon reflexes and absent sensory potential on nerve conduction studies were significantly suggestive of neuropathy. The level of creatine phosphokinase was not of great diagnostic value. Most polyneuropathy and myopathy cases had passed through a stormy ICU course with sepsis and multiorgan failure. The use of high doses of steroids was more associated with myopathy. Seven patients died in ICU, the others were discharged to the wards after a mean ventilation period of 40 days. One patient became chronic ventilator dependent.